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Version 0.31: This article is up to date for the latest stable release of Dungeon Crawl Stone Soup.

Confusion is a status condition that causes the victim to move and act randomly until it wears off. Confusion can be extremely dangerous: the victim may attack empty tiles or even allies when they attempt to fight, and may fall into deep water or lava if they attempt to move.


When confused,

All creatures:

  • Cannot cast spells, use wands, or use most special abilities. (Players can use abilities that cure confusion.)
  • Cannot read scrolls.
  • Cannot use shields (SH stat set to 0).
  • Move in a random direction if they try to move or melee attack. Ranged weapons will be fired in a random direction. Behavior differs between players and monsters.
    • Players move in a completely random direction.
    • Monsters have a 33% chance of moving/attacking in the intended direction, else move in a random direction.[1]
This can cause allies to be attacked by accident. The player is warned if this is possible.


  • Have trouble moving up stairs.
    • Going upstairs: 50% chance of falling, losing 1 HP, and remaining on the level.
    • Going downstairs: 50% chance of falling and losing 1 HP, but you make it down the stairs.
    • If you are flying or using an escape hatch, these confusion penalties don't apply.



Confusion can be inflicted by:

Sources that the player can inflict:

Sources that only monsters can inflict

Sources that can only confuse the player:

Dealing with Confusion

Ways to remove confusion include:


The following prevent most/all sources of confusion directly:

These are the only ways to defend from tarantella's and Norris' confusion attacks.


Avoid confusing creatures that may carry useful items near lava or deep water. Great items or artifacts that they carry may otherwise be lost forever.

Mummies should be particularly careful about becoming confused at the wrong time, as they lack access to most methods for removing it at will.


  • Prior to 0.23, confused monsters didn't have a 33% chance to move normally.
  • Prior to 0.21, confusion had its own specialized wand type.
  • Prior to 0.20, it was possible to use wands while confused, though doing so would zap it in a random direction.
  • Prior to 0.19, randart equipment could grant confusion if it spawned with {*confuse} ego.
  • Prior to 0.18, Mass Confusion was a spell available to all players.
  • Prior to 0.17, cleaving attacks didn't function under confusion. Gell's Gravitas was able to cause confusion, and all high-intelligence monsters were immune to drowning while confused.
  • Prior to 0.16, confusion also came in the form of potions of confusion.


  1. (0.30.0)