User:Hordes/Ranged Weapons

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Trunk-only: This article pertains to a feature of Crawl which is being tested. It will likely change before the next release, and may even be removed entirely.

Ranged Weapons is a skill that governs launchers, weapons which fire missiles from a distance. This includes slings, bows, and crossbows. Being able to attack enemies from any unobstructed tile in line of sight is a large perk, especially for faster characters. However, not only are they weaker than their melee counterparts, but ranged weapons suffer penalties when wearing heavy body armour.

All ranged weapons use dexterity instead of strength for damage calculations.

List of Ranged Weapons

Name Dam Hit Delay Hands Size Prob
Sling 7 0 14 One Little 10
Shortbow 9 +2 15 Two Little 10
Longbow 12 0 17 Two Medium 10
Hand crossbow 17 +3 18 One Little 10
Arbalest 17 -2 19 Two Little 10
Triple crossbow 23 -2 23 Two Small 2

Note that the three crossbows - hand crossbow, arbalest, triple crossbow - are unique in that they have a minimum delay of 1.0, instead of the standard 0.7 (they attack slower).

Armour Penalty

Ranged weapons are uniquely penalized down by armor encumberance. The more encumbered you are, the slower you attack. The penalty, in decaAut, is as follows:

[ (e)^2 / 2250 ] * [ (90-2A) / (S + 3) ]

For e = encumberance rating, A = Armour skill, and S = strength.

Therefore, lower strength species without armour skill suffer more from heavier armour.


Ranged Weapons have a different set of brands. Most of these are similar to their melee version.

Ranged weapons may also get pain or holy wrath (but not distortion) from Kikubaaqudgha's and The Shining One's capstone gifts.

Retired Weapons

Over the years, a few ranged weapons have been retired or reworked into new forms:

Returning Weapons

See also


  • In 0.29, ranged weapons were reworked. Prior to this:
  • In 0.27, monsters with ranged attacks got unlimited ammunition (except nets). Throwing ammo was reduced as a result.
  • In 0.24, throwing weapons were streamlined. Darts replaced blowguns/needles, boomerangs replaced tomahawks and brands were simplified.
  • Prior to 0.18, each weapon had a strength weight percentage that determined how the weapon would benefit from your strength and dexterity. Additionally, more types of ammunition could have brands of their own.
  • Prior to 0.15, ranged combat was significantly more complicated; among other differences, min delay was heavily influenced by your stats. Additionally, 0.15 introduced greatslings (later called fustibali), hand crossbows, and triple crossbows, and removed the old version of darts.
  • Prior to 0.14, daggers, spears, hand axes, and clubs could be thrown.
  • Prior to 0.11, ammunition could have its own enchantment bonuses.
  • Prior to 0.6, darts could be fired from an early version of hand crossbows instead of being thrown by hand.